%macro combchi(df=,chi=,data=);
/******************************************************************************
Version 2.1, 12-17-2007. This version allows one to specify the name of a data set
containing chi-square values. This data set should have a single variable (with
any name) containing the chi-square values on multiple records. This version also
corrects an error in the formula that has shown up in a couple of publications.
The correct version of the formula is in the original (1991) article by Li, Meng,
Raghunathan and Rubin. Incorrect formulas are given in Meng and Rubin (1992) as
well as the book Statistical Analysis with Missing Data by Little and Rubin (2002).
Report any errors, problems
or questions to the e-mail address below. The latest version of this macro
can be found at the web site below:
Author: Paul D. Allison, University of Pennsylvania
allison@ssc.upenn.edu
http://www.ssc.upenn.edu/~allison/
MACRO COMBCHI combines chi-square statistics from an analysis of several data
sets created by multiple imputation, using the method described on p. 115 of
Schafer, J.L. (1997) Analysis of Incomplete Multivariate Data. London:
Chapman and Hall.
Note
The chi-square statistics can be either Wald statistics or likelihood ratio
statistics. All that's needed are the several chi-square values and the
degrees of freedom.
COMBCHI requires the installation of IML.
Example of usage:
A. Suppose a 3 d.f. test on four data sets produces chi-squares of 5.8, 7.2,
6.1 and 8.5. Submit the statement:
%combchi(df=3, chi=5.8 7.2 6.1 8.5)
The following output is printed
F DF DDF
2.0540138 3 342.22381
P
0.1060954
The macro calculates an F-statistic of 2.05 with 3 and 342 degrees of freedom.
The associated p-value is .106.
B. Alternatively, reading the chi-square values into a sas data set:
data chidata;
input x;
datalines;
5.8
7.2
6.1
8.5
;
%combchi(df=3, data=chidata)
*****************************************************************************/
proc iml;
DF=&df;
%if &chi ^= and &data ^= %then %do;
print, "Error: Can't specify both CHI= and DATA=";
abort;
%end;
%if &chi ^= %then %do; g2={&chi}; %end;
%if &data ^= %then %do;
use &data;
read all into g1;
g2=g1`;
%end;
m=ncol(g2);
g=sqrt(g2);
mg2=sum(g2)/m;
r=(1+1/m)*(ssq(g)-(sum(g)**2)/m)/(m-1);
F=(mg2/df - r*(m+1)/(m-1))/(1+r);
DDF=(m-1)*(1+1/r)**2/df**(3/m);
P=1-probf(f,df,ddf);
print f df ddf;
print p;
run;
quit;
%mend combchi;